Every year, September 21, Iran is celebrated as the National Cinema Day.
The History of the Cinema
In 1895, Lumir brothers invented the cinematograph (the first camcorder). However, the two French brothers can not be considered the only people who helped create the art of cinema. The advent of his cinema and film was due to many advances in the field of negative evolution, as well as the development of the primary photographic apparatus. As one can not be categorically named as an inventor of cinema. Devices like kinescopes (made by Thomas Edison), vitescopes and bioscopes have all been instrumental in the emergence of the cinematographic apparatus.
Lumir brothers made dozens of short films, all of which were made up of a single frame, and there was no interconnection or editing. Among these films we can mention the arrival of the train to the station "(which is considered the first film made by mankind)," Exit of the boat from the anchorage "," Eating the child "and" leaving the workers from the factory ".
After the Lumirs, Georges Mahlis evolved into a cinematic fan. Mahlis's view of the cinema was a theatrical view. He filmed various scenes from the show, and then connected these scenes together. Georges Mahlis is also the creator of the fan tracery in the cinema.
After Georges Mahlis, Edwin S. Porter made the fundamental and structural evolution of the cinema. He introduced cinema as a phenomenon we know today by making "American Firefight Life" and "Big Trap". Porter's cinema was no longer connected with theater, but it became an independent and new art. Porter is also the pioneer in video editing. The way he started in the cinema eventually led to Hollywood storytelling.
In the beginning, cinema became more of a scientific industrial phenomenon. In the years of the First World War, cinema was a commercial boom as a showcase and entertainment. Then its artistic capabilities were discovered by European and American filmmakers. In the same years, the Italian critic and theoretician Richi Canodo introduced the cinema as "seventh art." Because, in his opinion, art cinema is a mix in which all the arts are present.
Cinema means recording motion, and as we said in the debates above, the emergence of a moving image was the result of the evolution of photography technology. For this reason, its capture (shooting) method is burst shooting, of course, at regular intervals. No art, with the exception of the television media, has been able to compete with cinema in terms of popularity, learning and influence on the emotions and thoughts of the audience. For the same reason, and because the cinema is relying heavily on the technology industry and technical devices, it is called "the art of the twentieth century." The origin of the term cinematography is the Greek word (our grudge) means motion. Cinematography means "motion pictures" or motion recording fan. In general, the history of the development and transformation of cinema can be divided into three major periods (with emphasis on cinematic techniques and techniques):
Silent Cinema Period: In 1895, the cinema began silent. This course relates to the timeless cinematic and black and white film production.
Speech Cinema Period: In 1927, the Vowel Movie began, and the sound factor actually made the cinema a visual audiovisual work.
The Cinematic Period: Beginning in the late 1930s with the invention of color film.
The release of the French word means the cinema screen, which is also used in Persian. In Farsi, the term "play" is also used to "represent." As they say, "The movie is coming close to this day.
The history of cinema is 120 years old, from the last years of the 19th century to the beginning of the 21st century. Moving images gradually began to pop out of joyous caravans and progressed so much that it became one of the most important means of communication, entertainment, and mass media in the 20th century. Motion pictures of films have been influenced by three factors: art, technology and politics